"jahw" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See jahw in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Conjunction

IPA: /jɑxʷ/
Etymology: From *ja + *-hw. Etymology templates: {{suffix|gem-pro|*ja|*hw}} *ja + *-hw
  1. and, also Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: jahw-gem-pro-conj-INkpqEZO

Download JSON data for jahw meaning in Proto-Germanic (3.0kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "ġe"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: ġe",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: ġe"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "gea",
            "3": "ȝe",
            "4": "ye",
            "5": "ȝa",
            "6": "ȝi"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: gea, ȝe, ye, ȝa, ȝi",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: gea, ȝe, ye, ȝa, ȝi"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "ja",
            "3": "gia",
            "4": "gi",
            "5": "ge"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: ja, gia, gi, ge",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "jak"
          },
          "expansion": "jak",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: ja, gia, gi, ge; jak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "joh"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: joh",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: joh"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "ja"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: ja",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "joch"
          },
          "expansion": "joch",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: ja; joch"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "joch"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: joch",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: joch"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "joch"
          },
          "expansion": "German: joch",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "obsolete"
          },
          "expansion": "(obsolete)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: joch (obsolete)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "*jah"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: *jah",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "Runic form dubious"
          },
          "expansion": "(Runic form dubious)",
          "name": "i"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Early Old Norse: *jah (Runic form dubious)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sma",
            "2": "jah",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Southern Sami: jah",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Southern Sami: jah"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sju",
            "2": "jah",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Ume Sami: jah",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Ume Sami: jah"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌾𐌰𐌷"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌾𐌰𐌷 (jah)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌾𐌰𐌷 (jah)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xvn",
            "2": "ia"
          },
          "expansion": "Vandalic: ia",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Vandalic: ia"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "urj-fin-pro",
            "2": "*ja",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Proto-Finnic: *ja",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Proto-Finnic: *ja (see there for further descendants)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*ja",
        "3": "*hw"
      },
      "expansion": "*ja + *-hw",
      "name": "suffix"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From *ja + *-hw.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/jahw",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "and, also"
      ],
      "id": "jahw-gem-pro-conj-INkpqEZO",
      "links": [
        [
          "and",
          "and"
        ],
        [
          "also",
          "also"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/jɑxʷ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "jahw"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "ġe"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: ġe",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: ġe"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "gea",
            "3": "ȝe",
            "4": "ye",
            "5": "ȝa",
            "6": "ȝi"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: gea, ȝe, ye, ȝa, ȝi",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: gea, ȝe, ye, ȝa, ȝi"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "ja",
            "3": "gia",
            "4": "gi",
            "5": "ge"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: ja, gia, gi, ge",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "jak"
          },
          "expansion": "jak",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: ja, gia, gi, ge; jak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "joh"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: joh",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: joh"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "ja"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: ja",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "joch"
          },
          "expansion": "joch",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: ja; joch"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "joch"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: joch",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: joch"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "joch"
          },
          "expansion": "German: joch",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "obsolete"
          },
          "expansion": "(obsolete)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: joch (obsolete)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "*jah"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: *jah",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "Runic form dubious"
          },
          "expansion": "(Runic form dubious)",
          "name": "i"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Early Old Norse: *jah (Runic form dubious)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sma",
            "2": "jah",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Southern Sami: jah",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Southern Sami: jah"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sju",
            "2": "jah",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Ume Sami: jah",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Ume Sami: jah"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌾𐌰𐌷"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌾𐌰𐌷 (jah)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌾𐌰𐌷 (jah)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xvn",
            "2": "ia"
          },
          "expansion": "Vandalic: ia",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Vandalic: ia"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "urj-fin-pro",
            "2": "*ja",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Proto-Finnic: *ja",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Proto-Finnic: *ja (see there for further descendants)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*ja",
        "3": "*hw"
      },
      "expansion": "*ja + *-hw",
      "name": "suffix"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From *ja + *-hw.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/jahw",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic conjunctions",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "and, also"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "and",
          "and"
        ],
        [
          "also",
          "also"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/jɑxʷ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "jahw"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.