"jabai" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See jabai in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Conjunction

IPA: /ˈjɑ.βɑi̯/
Etymology: From *jabai (“on (the) condition”), dative case of *jabą (“condition, stipulation, hesitation, doubt”), from *ja, demonstrative/relative pronoun; or from Proto-Indo-European *Hyós (“already”). Cognate with Lithuanian jei (“if, when”), Albanian po. Etymology templates: {{m|gem-pro||*jabai|t=on (the) condition}} *jabai (“on (the) condition”), {{m|gem-pro|*jabą||condition, stipulation, hesitation, doubt}} *jabą (“condition, stipulation, hesitation, doubt”), {{m|gem-pro|*ja}} *ja, {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*Hyós||already}} Proto-Indo-European *Hyós (“already”), {{cog|lt|jei||if, when}} Lithuanian jei (“if, when”), {{cog|sq|po}} Albanian po
  1. when, if Tags: reconstruction Synonyms: ibai
    Sense id: jabai-gem-pro-conj-4YZoM0Rf

Download JSON data for jabai meaning in Proto-Germanic (6.2kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*jabē",
            "3": "*jabu"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *jabē, *jabu",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *jabē, *jabu"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "ġef",
            "3": "ġif"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: ġef, ġif",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: ġef, ġif"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "yef",
            "3": "yif"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: yef, yif",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: yef, yif"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "gif",
            "3": "gyf",
            "4": "gin"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: gif, gyf, gin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: gif, gyf, gin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "if",
            "3": "gin"
          },
          "expansion": "English: if, gin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: if, gin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "gef",
            "3": "ief",
            "4": "jef",
            "5": "jeft",
            "6": "ef",
            "7": "of",
            "8": "jof"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: gef, ief, jef, jeft, ef, of, jof",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "if"
          },
          "expansion": "if",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: gef, ief, jef, jeft, ef, of, jof, *if"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "af",
            "3": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: af, of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: af, of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "ef",
            "3": "af",
            "4": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: ef, af, of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: ef, af, of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "jof",
            "3": "af",
            "4": "of",
            "5": "ef",
            "6": "if",
            "7": "ift",
            "8": "ifte"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: jof, af, of, ef, if, ift, ifte",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "icht"
          },
          "expansion": "icht",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "ichte"
          },
          "expansion": "ichte",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "eft"
          },
          "expansion": "eft",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "aft"
          },
          "expansion": "aft",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "oft"
          },
          "expansion": "oft",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: jof, af, of, ef, if, ift, ifte, *icht, ichte, eft, aft, oft"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "of",
            "3": "ofte",
            "4": "ochte"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: of, ofte, ochte",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: of, ofte, ochte"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "ibu",
            "3": "oba",
            "4": "uba",
            "5": "ubi",
            "6": "upa",
            "7": "upi"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: ibu, oba, uba, ubi, upa, upi",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: ibu, oba, uba, ubi, upa, upi"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "obe",
            "3": "ob",
            "4": "op"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: obe, ob, op",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: obe, ob, op"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "ob"
          },
          "expansion": "German: ob",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: ob"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yi",
            "2": "אויב"
          },
          "expansion": "Yiddish: אויב (oyb)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yiddish: אויב (oyb)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "ef",
            "3": "if"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: ef, if\nIcelandic: ef\nOld Swedish: ef, em, um\nSwedish: om\nNorwegian:\nNorwegian Nynorsk: um (influenced by um < umb)\nOld Danish: æf, æm, um\nDanish: om\nNorwegian Bokmål: om\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: om",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: ef, if\nIcelandic: ef\nOld Swedish: ef, em, um\nSwedish: om\nNorwegian:\nNorwegian Nynorsk: um (influenced by um < umb)\nOld Danish: æf, æm, um\nDanish: om\nNorwegian Bokmål: om\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: om"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌾𐌰𐌱𐌰𐌹",
            "3": "𐌹𐌱𐌰𐌹",
            "4": "𐌹𐌱𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌾𐌰𐌱𐌰𐌹 (jabai), 𐌹𐌱𐌰𐌹 (ibai), 𐌹𐌱𐌰 (iba)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌾𐌰𐌱𐌰𐌹 (jabai), 𐌹𐌱𐌰𐌹 (ibai), 𐌹𐌱𐌰 (iba);"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌽𐌹𐌱𐌰",
            "3": "𐌽𐌹𐌱𐌰𐌹",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Gothic: 𐌽𐌹𐌱𐌰 (niba), 𐌽𐌹𐌱𐌰𐌹 (nibai)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Gothic: 𐌽𐌹𐌱𐌰 (niba), 𐌽𐌹𐌱𐌰𐌹 (nibai)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*jabai",
        "t": "on (the) condition"
      },
      "expansion": "*jabai (“on (the) condition”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*jabą",
        "3": "",
        "4": "condition, stipulation, hesitation, doubt"
      },
      "expansion": "*jabą (“condition, stipulation, hesitation, doubt”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*ja"
      },
      "expansion": "*ja",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*Hyós",
        "4": "",
        "5": "already"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *Hyós (“already”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lt",
        "2": "jei",
        "3": "",
        "4": "if, when"
      },
      "expansion": "Lithuanian jei (“if, when”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sq",
        "2": "po"
      },
      "expansion": "Albanian po",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From *jabai (“on (the) condition”), dative case of *jabą (“condition, stipulation, hesitation, doubt”), from *ja, demonstrative/relative pronoun; or from Proto-Indo-European *Hyós (“already”). Cognate with Lithuanian jei (“if, when”), Albanian po.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/jabai",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "when, if"
      ],
      "id": "jabai-gem-pro-conj-4YZoM0Rf",
      "links": [
        [
          "when",
          "when"
        ],
        [
          "if",
          "if"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "ibai"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈjɑ.βɑi̯/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "jabai"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*jabē",
            "3": "*jabu"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *jabē, *jabu",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *jabē, *jabu"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "ġef",
            "3": "ġif"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: ġef, ġif",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: ġef, ġif"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "yef",
            "3": "yif"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: yef, yif",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: yef, yif"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "gif",
            "3": "gyf",
            "4": "gin"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: gif, gyf, gin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: gif, gyf, gin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "if",
            "3": "gin"
          },
          "expansion": "English: if, gin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: if, gin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "gef",
            "3": "ief",
            "4": "jef",
            "5": "jeft",
            "6": "ef",
            "7": "of",
            "8": "jof"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: gef, ief, jef, jeft, ef, of, jof",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "if"
          },
          "expansion": "if",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: gef, ief, jef, jeft, ef, of, jof, *if"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "af",
            "3": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: af, of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: af, of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "ef",
            "3": "af",
            "4": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: ef, af, of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: ef, af, of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "jof",
            "3": "af",
            "4": "of",
            "5": "ef",
            "6": "if",
            "7": "ift",
            "8": "ifte"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: jof, af, of, ef, if, ift, ifte",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "icht"
          },
          "expansion": "icht",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "ichte"
          },
          "expansion": "ichte",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "eft"
          },
          "expansion": "eft",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "aft"
          },
          "expansion": "aft",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "oft"
          },
          "expansion": "oft",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: jof, af, of, ef, if, ift, ifte, *icht, ichte, eft, aft, oft"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "of",
            "3": "ofte",
            "4": "ochte"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: of, ofte, ochte",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: of, ofte, ochte"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "ibu",
            "3": "oba",
            "4": "uba",
            "5": "ubi",
            "6": "upa",
            "7": "upi"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: ibu, oba, uba, ubi, upa, upi",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: ibu, oba, uba, ubi, upa, upi"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "obe",
            "3": "ob",
            "4": "op"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: obe, ob, op",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: obe, ob, op"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "ob"
          },
          "expansion": "German: ob",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: ob"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yi",
            "2": "אויב"
          },
          "expansion": "Yiddish: אויב (oyb)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yiddish: אויב (oyb)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "ef",
            "3": "if"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: ef, if\nIcelandic: ef\nOld Swedish: ef, em, um\nSwedish: om\nNorwegian:\nNorwegian Nynorsk: um (influenced by um < umb)\nOld Danish: æf, æm, um\nDanish: om\nNorwegian Bokmål: om\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: om",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: ef, if\nIcelandic: ef\nOld Swedish: ef, em, um\nSwedish: om\nNorwegian:\nNorwegian Nynorsk: um (influenced by um < umb)\nOld Danish: æf, æm, um\nDanish: om\nNorwegian Bokmål: om\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: om"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌾𐌰𐌱𐌰𐌹",
            "3": "𐌹𐌱𐌰𐌹",
            "4": "𐌹𐌱𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌾𐌰𐌱𐌰𐌹 (jabai), 𐌹𐌱𐌰𐌹 (ibai), 𐌹𐌱𐌰 (iba)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌾𐌰𐌱𐌰𐌹 (jabai), 𐌹𐌱𐌰𐌹 (ibai), 𐌹𐌱𐌰 (iba);"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌽𐌹𐌱𐌰",
            "3": "𐌽𐌹𐌱𐌰𐌹",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Gothic: 𐌽𐌹𐌱𐌰 (niba), 𐌽𐌹𐌱𐌰𐌹 (nibai)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Gothic: 𐌽𐌹𐌱𐌰 (niba), 𐌽𐌹𐌱𐌰𐌹 (nibai)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*jabai",
        "t": "on (the) condition"
      },
      "expansion": "*jabai (“on (the) condition”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*jabą",
        "3": "",
        "4": "condition, stipulation, hesitation, doubt"
      },
      "expansion": "*jabą (“condition, stipulation, hesitation, doubt”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*ja"
      },
      "expansion": "*ja",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*Hyós",
        "4": "",
        "5": "already"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *Hyós (“already”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lt",
        "2": "jei",
        "3": "",
        "4": "if, when"
      },
      "expansion": "Lithuanian jei (“if, when”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sq",
        "2": "po"
      },
      "expansion": "Albanian po",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From *jabai (“on (the) condition”), dative case of *jabą (“condition, stipulation, hesitation, doubt”), from *ja, demonstrative/relative pronoun; or from Proto-Indo-European *Hyós (“already”). Cognate with Lithuanian jei (“if, when”), Albanian po.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/jabai",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic conjunctions",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "when, if"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "when",
          "when"
        ],
        [
          "if",
          "if"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈjɑ.βɑi̯/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "ibai"
    }
  ],
  "word": "jabai"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.