"in" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See in in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Preposition

IPA: /in/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *h₁én. Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*h₁én}} Proto-Indo-European *h₁én
  1. (+dative) in Tags: reconstruction, with-dative
    Sense id: in-gem-pro-prep-WClnU00P
  2. (+accusative) into Tags: reconstruction, with-accusative
    Sense id: in-gem-pro-prep-a4R6DtCy Categories (other): Proto-Germanic prepositions Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic prepositions: 41 59

Download JSON data for in meaning in Proto-Germanic (3.9kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*in"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: in\nMiddle English: in\nEnglish: in\nScots: in",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: in\nMiddle English: in\nEnglish: in\nScots: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frr",
            "2": "-"
          },
          "expansion": "North Frisian:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "North Frisian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frr",
            "2": "önj"
          },
          "expansion": "önj",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Mooring: önj"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "yn"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: yn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: yn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "af",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Afrikaans: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Afrikaans: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "li",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Limburgish: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Limburgish: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: in\nMiddle High German: in\nBavarian: i\nCimbrian: inn, in (preposition)\nCentral Franconian: en, ön, on\nGerman: in\nLuxembourgish: an\nRhine Franconian: in, en\nPennsylvania German: in\nYiddish: אין (in)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: in\nMiddle High German: in\nBavarian: i\nCimbrian: inn, in (preposition)\nCentral Franconian: en, ön, on\nGerman: in\nLuxembourgish: an\nRhine Franconian: in, en\nPennsylvania German: in\nYiddish: אין (in)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "í"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: í\nIcelandic: í\nFaroese: í, íggj\nNorn: i\nNorwegian Nynorsk: i\nNorwegian Bokmål: i\nElfdalian: i\nOld Swedish: ī\nSwedish: i\nDanish: i",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: í\nIcelandic: í\nFaroese: í, íggj\nNorn: i\nNorwegian Nynorsk: i\nNorwegian Bokmål: i\nElfdalian: i\nOld Swedish: ī\nSwedish: i\nDanish: i"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌽"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌽 (in)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌽 (in)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁én"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁én",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *h₁én.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/in",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "in"
      ],
      "id": "in-gem-pro-prep-WClnU00P",
      "links": [
        [
          "in",
          "in"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+dative) in"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-dative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "41 59",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "into"
      ],
      "id": "in-gem-pro-prep-a4R6DtCy",
      "links": [
        [
          "into",
          "into"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+accusative) into"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-accusative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/in/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "in"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*in"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: in\nMiddle English: in\nEnglish: in\nScots: in",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: in\nMiddle English: in\nEnglish: in\nScots: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frr",
            "2": "-"
          },
          "expansion": "North Frisian:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "North Frisian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frr",
            "2": "önj"
          },
          "expansion": "önj",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Mooring: önj"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "yn"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: yn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: yn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "af",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Afrikaans: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Afrikaans: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "li",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Limburgish: in",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Limburgish: in"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "in"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: in\nMiddle High German: in\nBavarian: i\nCimbrian: inn, in (preposition)\nCentral Franconian: en, ön, on\nGerman: in\nLuxembourgish: an\nRhine Franconian: in, en\nPennsylvania German: in\nYiddish: אין (in)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: in\nMiddle High German: in\nBavarian: i\nCimbrian: inn, in (preposition)\nCentral Franconian: en, ön, on\nGerman: in\nLuxembourgish: an\nRhine Franconian: in, en\nPennsylvania German: in\nYiddish: אין (in)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "í"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: í\nIcelandic: í\nFaroese: í, íggj\nNorn: i\nNorwegian Nynorsk: i\nNorwegian Bokmål: i\nElfdalian: i\nOld Swedish: ī\nSwedish: i\nDanish: i",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: í\nIcelandic: í\nFaroese: í, íggj\nNorn: i\nNorwegian Nynorsk: i\nNorwegian Bokmål: i\nElfdalian: i\nOld Swedish: ī\nSwedish: i\nDanish: i"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌽"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌽 (in)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌽 (in)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁én"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁én",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *h₁én.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/in",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "in"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "in",
          "in"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+dative) in"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-dative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "into"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "into",
          "into"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+accusative) into"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-accusative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/in/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "in"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.