"idi-" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See idi- in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Prefix

Etymology: From an unstressed variety of Proto-Indo-European *éti. Cognate with Latin et. Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*éti}} Proto-Indo-European *éti, {{cog|la|et}} Latin et
  1. again, anew Tags: morpheme, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-idi--gem-pro-prefix-AAqFBIDx
  2. back, against Tags: morpheme, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-idi--gem-pro-prefix-gm-o6c7r Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 0 100
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: idi

Download JSON data for idi- meaning in Proto-Germanic (3.9kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*id-"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *id-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *id-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "ed-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: ed-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: ed-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "ed-"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: ed-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: ed-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "ed-"
          },
          "expansion": "English: ed-",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "obsolete"
          },
          "expansion": "(obsolete)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: ed- (obsolete)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "et-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: et-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: et-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "ed-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: ed-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: ed-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "ed-"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: ed-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: ed-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds",
            "2": "ett-"
          },
          "expansion": "Low German: ett-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Low German: ett-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*ed-",
            "3": "*et-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *ed-, *et-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *ed-, *et-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "et-",
            "3": "at-",
            "4": "ad-"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: et-, at-, ad-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: et-, at-, ad-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "et-"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: et-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: et-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "id-",
            "3": "ida-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: id-, ida-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: id-, ida-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "ite-"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: ite-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: ite-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "it-"
          },
          "expansion": "German: it-",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "obsolete"
          },
          "expansion": "(obsolete)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: it- (obsolete)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "ið-",
            "3": "iðja-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: ið-, iðja-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: ið-, iðja-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "ið-"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: ið-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: ið-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "id-"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: id-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: id-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌳-"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌳- (id-)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌳- (id-)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*éti"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *éti",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "et"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin et",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From an unstressed variety of Proto-Indo-European *éti. Cognate with Latin et.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/idi-",
  "pos": "prefix",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "idi"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "again, anew"
      ],
      "id": "en-idi--gem-pro-prefix-AAqFBIDx",
      "links": [
        [
          "again",
          "again"
        ],
        [
          "anew",
          "anew"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "0 100",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "back, against"
      ],
      "id": "en-idi--gem-pro-prefix-gm-o6c7r",
      "links": [
        [
          "back",
          "back"
        ],
        [
          "against",
          "against"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "idi-"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic prefixes",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*id-"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *id-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *id-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "ed-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: ed-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: ed-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "ed-"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: ed-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: ed-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "ed-"
          },
          "expansion": "English: ed-",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "obsolete"
          },
          "expansion": "(obsolete)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: ed- (obsolete)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "et-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: et-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: et-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "ed-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: ed-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: ed-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "ed-"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: ed-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: ed-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds",
            "2": "ett-"
          },
          "expansion": "Low German: ett-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Low German: ett-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*ed-",
            "3": "*et-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *ed-, *et-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *ed-, *et-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "et-",
            "3": "at-",
            "4": "ad-"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: et-, at-, ad-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: et-, at-, ad-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "et-"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: et-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: et-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "id-",
            "3": "ida-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: id-, ida-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: id-, ida-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "ite-"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: ite-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: ite-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "it-"
          },
          "expansion": "German: it-",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "obsolete"
          },
          "expansion": "(obsolete)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: it- (obsolete)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "ið-",
            "3": "iðja-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: ið-, iðja-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: ið-, iðja-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "ið-"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: ið-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: ið-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "id-"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: id-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: id-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌳-"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌳- (id-)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌳- (id-)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*éti"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *éti",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "et"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin et",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From an unstressed variety of Proto-Indo-European *éti. Cognate with Latin et.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/idi-",
  "pos": "prefix",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "idi"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "again, anew"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "again",
          "again"
        ],
        [
          "anew",
          "anew"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "back, against"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "back",
          "back"
        ],
        [
          "against",
          "against"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "idi-"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-23 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-06-20 using wiktextract (1b9bfc5 and 0136956). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.