"hwat" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See hwat in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Pronoun

Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *kʷód (“what”), *kʷod, neuter form of *kʷós (“who”), *kʷós, *kʷis. Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*kʷód||what}} Proto-Indo-European *kʷód (“what”), {{m|ine-pro|*kʷod}} *kʷod, {{m|ine-pro|*kʷós||who}} *kʷós (“who”), {{m|ine-pro|*kʷós}} *kʷós, {{m|ine-pro|*kʷis}} *kʷis Head templates: {{head|gem-pro|pronoun form}} *hwat
  1. nominative/accusative singular neuter of *hwaz Tags: accusative, form-of, neuter, nominative, reconstruction, singular Form of: hwaz
    Sense id: en-hwat-gem-pro-pron-w7lAMxQE Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header, Proto-Germanic interrogative pronouns

Download JSON data for hwat meaning in Proto-Germanic (3.9kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*hwat"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *hwat\nOld English: hwæt, huæt, huæd, huædd, huætd, huædt, hwet, wæt, whæt, hwat\nMiddle English: what, whad, whote, watte, wath, wad, qhat; whæt, whæht, waht, waet, wæht, weht, hweat\nEnglish: what\nScots: what, whate, whit, whut, wha', quhat, quat, fat, faht, phat, fit, fut, fout, at\nYola: faade, fhaade, faad, fade, f'ad, fadere\nOld Frisian: hwet\nSaterland Frisian: wät\nWest Frisian: wat\nOld Saxon: hwat\nMiddle Low German: wat\nLow German: wat\nOld Dutch: wat\nMiddle Dutch: wat\nAfrikaans: wat\nDutch: wat\nLimburgish: waat\nOld High German: waz, whaz, hwaz, hwat\nMiddle High German: waz, wat\nAlemannic German: waas, waa; was, wa\nCentral Franconian: wat\nCimbrian: bas, baz\nHunsrik: was\nGerman: was\nLuxembourgish: wat\nYiddish: וואָס (vos)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *hwat\nOld English: hwæt, huæt, huæd, huædd, huætd, huædt, hwet, wæt, whæt, hwat\nMiddle English: what, whad, whote, watte, wath, wad, qhat; whæt, whæht, waht, waet, wæht, weht, hweat\nEnglish: what\nScots: what, whate, whit, whut, wha', quhat, quat, fat, faht, phat, fit, fut, fout, at\nYola: faade, fhaade, faad, fade, f'ad, fadere\nOld Frisian: hwet\nSaterland Frisian: wät\nWest Frisian: wat\nOld Saxon: hwat\nMiddle Low German: wat\nLow German: wat\nOld Dutch: wat\nMiddle Dutch: wat\nAfrikaans: wat\nDutch: wat\nLimburgish: waat\nOld High German: waz, whaz, hwaz, hwat\nMiddle High German: waz, wat\nAlemannic German: waas, waa; was, wa\nCentral Franconian: wat\nCimbrian: bas, baz\nHunsrik: was\nGerman: was\nLuxembourgish: wat\nYiddish: וואָס (vos)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "hvat"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: hvat\nIcelandic: hvað\nFaroese: hvat\nNorwegian Nynorsk: kva, kvat; (dialectal) k(v)att, kåt, ka, ke, ko, kø, hot, høt, hø, ho\nJamtish: hut, hvuð\nOld Swedish: hvat, hvadh\nSwedish: vad, hvad (pre-1906 spelling)\nOld Danish: hwat\nDanish: hvad\nNorwegian Bokmål: hva",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: hvat\nIcelandic: hvað\nFaroese: hvat\nNorwegian Nynorsk: kva, kvat; (dialectal) k(v)att, kåt, ka, ke, ko, kø, hot, høt, hø, ho\nJamtish: hut, hvuð\nOld Swedish: hvat, hvadh\nSwedish: vad, hvad (pre-1906 spelling)\nOld Danish: hwat\nDanish: hvad\nNorwegian Bokmål: hva"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*kʷód",
        "4": "",
        "5": "what"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *kʷód (“what”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷod"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷod",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷós",
        "3": "",
        "4": "who"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷós (“who”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷós"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷós",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷis"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷis",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *kʷód (“what”), *kʷod, neuter form of *kʷós (“who”), *kʷós, *kʷis.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "pronoun form"
      },
      "expansion": "*hwat",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/hwat",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic interrogative pronouns",
          "parents": [
            "Interrogative pronouns",
            "Interrogative pro-forms",
            "Pronouns",
            "Pro-forms",
            "Lemmas",
            "Terms by semantic function"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "hwaz"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "nominative/accusative singular neuter of *hwaz"
      ],
      "id": "en-hwat-gem-pro-pron-w7lAMxQE",
      "links": [
        [
          "*hwaz",
          "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/hwaz"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "form-of",
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "reconstruction",
        "singular"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "hwat"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*hwat"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *hwat\nOld English: hwæt, huæt, huæd, huædd, huætd, huædt, hwet, wæt, whæt, hwat\nMiddle English: what, whad, whote, watte, wath, wad, qhat; whæt, whæht, waht, waet, wæht, weht, hweat\nEnglish: what\nScots: what, whate, whit, whut, wha', quhat, quat, fat, faht, phat, fit, fut, fout, at\nYola: faade, fhaade, faad, fade, f'ad, fadere\nOld Frisian: hwet\nSaterland Frisian: wät\nWest Frisian: wat\nOld Saxon: hwat\nMiddle Low German: wat\nLow German: wat\nOld Dutch: wat\nMiddle Dutch: wat\nAfrikaans: wat\nDutch: wat\nLimburgish: waat\nOld High German: waz, whaz, hwaz, hwat\nMiddle High German: waz, wat\nAlemannic German: waas, waa; was, wa\nCentral Franconian: wat\nCimbrian: bas, baz\nHunsrik: was\nGerman: was\nLuxembourgish: wat\nYiddish: וואָס (vos)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *hwat\nOld English: hwæt, huæt, huæd, huædd, huætd, huædt, hwet, wæt, whæt, hwat\nMiddle English: what, whad, whote, watte, wath, wad, qhat; whæt, whæht, waht, waet, wæht, weht, hweat\nEnglish: what\nScots: what, whate, whit, whut, wha', quhat, quat, fat, faht, phat, fit, fut, fout, at\nYola: faade, fhaade, faad, fade, f'ad, fadere\nOld Frisian: hwet\nSaterland Frisian: wät\nWest Frisian: wat\nOld Saxon: hwat\nMiddle Low German: wat\nLow German: wat\nOld Dutch: wat\nMiddle Dutch: wat\nAfrikaans: wat\nDutch: wat\nLimburgish: waat\nOld High German: waz, whaz, hwaz, hwat\nMiddle High German: waz, wat\nAlemannic German: waas, waa; was, wa\nCentral Franconian: wat\nCimbrian: bas, baz\nHunsrik: was\nGerman: was\nLuxembourgish: wat\nYiddish: וואָס (vos)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "hvat"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: hvat\nIcelandic: hvað\nFaroese: hvat\nNorwegian Nynorsk: kva, kvat; (dialectal) k(v)att, kåt, ka, ke, ko, kø, hot, høt, hø, ho\nJamtish: hut, hvuð\nOld Swedish: hvat, hvadh\nSwedish: vad, hvad (pre-1906 spelling)\nOld Danish: hwat\nDanish: hvad\nNorwegian Bokmål: hva",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: hvat\nIcelandic: hvað\nFaroese: hvat\nNorwegian Nynorsk: kva, kvat; (dialectal) k(v)att, kåt, ka, ke, ko, kø, hot, høt, hø, ho\nJamtish: hut, hvuð\nOld Swedish: hvat, hvadh\nSwedish: vad, hvad (pre-1906 spelling)\nOld Danish: hwat\nDanish: hvad\nNorwegian Bokmål: hva"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*kʷód",
        "4": "",
        "5": "what"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *kʷód (“what”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷod"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷod",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷós",
        "3": "",
        "4": "who"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷós (“who”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷós"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷós",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*kʷis"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷis",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *kʷód (“what”), *kʷod, neuter form of *kʷós (“who”), *kʷós, *kʷis.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "pronoun form"
      },
      "expansion": "*hwat",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/hwat",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic interrogative pronouns",
        "Proto-Germanic non-lemma forms",
        "Proto-Germanic pronoun forms",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European"
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "hwaz"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "nominative/accusative singular neuter of *hwaz"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "*hwaz",
          "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/hwaz"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "form-of",
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "reconstruction",
        "singular"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "hwat"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-18 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (1d5a7d1 and 304864d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.