"firi-" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See firi- in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Prefix

IPA: /ˈɸi.ri/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *per(i) (“through, across”), from *per-. Etymology templates: {{root|gem-pro|ine-pro|*per-}}, {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro||*per(i)|through, across}} Proto-Indo-European *per(i) (“through, across”)
  1. around Tags: morpheme, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-firi--gem-pro-prefix-pKAMhA~D
  2. through, across Tags: morpheme, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-firi--gem-pro-prefix-dKN00-lz
  3. expresses intensive or perfective meaning Tags: morpheme, reconstruction
    Sense id: en-firi--gem-pro-prefix-tnAeLDpB Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 0 17 83

Download JSON data for firi- meaning in Proto-Germanic (1.8kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "fyr-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: fyr-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: fyr-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "firi-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: firi-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: firi-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍆𐌰𐌹𐍂-"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐍂- (fair-)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐍂- (fair-)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*per-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*per(i)",
        "5": "through, across"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *per(i) (“through, across”)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *per(i) (“through, across”), from *per-.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/firi-",
  "pos": "prefix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "around"
      ],
      "id": "en-firi--gem-pro-prefix-pKAMhA~D",
      "links": [
        [
          "around",
          "around"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "through, across"
      ],
      "id": "en-firi--gem-pro-prefix-dKN00-lz",
      "links": [
        [
          "through",
          "through"
        ],
        [
          "across",
          "across"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "0 17 83",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "expresses intensive or perfective meaning"
      ],
      "id": "en-firi--gem-pro-prefix-tnAeLDpB",
      "links": [
        [
          "intensive",
          "intensive"
        ],
        [
          "perfective",
          "perfective"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɸi.ri/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "firi-"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic prefixes",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *per-",
    "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "fyr-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: fyr-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: fyr-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "firi-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: firi-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: firi-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍆𐌰𐌹𐍂-"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐍂- (fair-)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐍂- (fair-)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*per-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*per(i)",
        "5": "through, across"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *per(i) (“through, across”)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *per(i) (“through, across”), from *per-.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/firi-",
  "pos": "prefix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "around"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "around",
          "around"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "through, across"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "through",
          "through"
        ],
        [
          "across",
          "across"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "expresses intensive or perfective meaning"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "intensive",
          "intensive"
        ],
        [
          "perfective",
          "perfective"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɸi.ri/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "firi-"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-23 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-06-20 using wiktextract (1b9bfc5 and 0136956). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.