"efþau" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See efþau in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Conjunction

IPA: /ˈeɸ.θɑu̯/
Etymology: Ultimately thought to be a Germanic suffixed dual form of the base of if. See also Proto-Germanic *ehþau for an alternative reconstruction. Etymology templates: {{m+|gem-pro|*ehþau}} Proto-Germanic *ehþau
  1. or Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: efþau-gem-pro-conj-cXVRejcL

Download JSON data for efþau meaning in Proto-Germanic (4.5kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "oþþe"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: oþþe, eþþa, ofþe, oððe, oþþon; oþþa\nMiddle English: oththe, other, or\nEnglish: or\nScots: or",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: oþþe, eþþa, ofþe, oððe, oþþon; oþþa\nMiddle English: oththe, other, or\nEnglish: or\nScots: or"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "ieftha",
            "3": "ioftha",
            "4": "ofte",
            "5": "jova",
            "6": "jof",
            "7": "jef",
            "8": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: ieftha, ioftha, ofte, jova, jof, jef, of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: ieftha, ioftha, ofte, jova, jof, jef, of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "af",
            "3": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: af, of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: af, of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "eftha"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: eftha, eftho, efdo, ettho\nMiddle Low German: efte, afte, ufte, uft, uf\nGerman Low German: of (Westmünsterlandisch)\nSauerland Low German: of, o'\nMiddle Low German: edder, odder",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: eftha, eftho, efdo, ettho\nMiddle Low German: efte, afte, ufte, uft, uf\nGerman Low German: of (Westmünsterlandisch)\nSauerland Low German: of, o'\nMiddle Low German: edder, odder"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*oftho",
            "3": "*ofto"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *oftho, *ofto",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *oftho, *ofto"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "ofte",
            "3": "ochte"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: ofte, ochte",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: ofte, ochte"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "ofte",
            "3": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: ofte, of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: ofte, of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "odo"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: odo",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: odo"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "od",
            "3": "ode"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: od, ode",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: od, ode"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "abur",
            "3": "",
            "4": "but"
          },
          "expansion": "abur (“but”)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "wedar",
            "3": "",
            "4": "which"
          },
          "expansion": "wedar (“which”)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "odar",
            "der": "1",
            "qq": "in analogy with abur (“but”), wedar (“which”)"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Old High German: odar, odor (in analogy with abur (“but”), wedar (“which”))\nMiddle High German: oder\nCimbrian: òdar, odar\nGerman: oder\nLuxembourgish: oder\nYiddish: אָדער (oder)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Old High German: odar, odor (in analogy with abur (“but”), wedar (“which”))\nMiddle High German: oder\nCimbrian: òdar, odar\nGerman: oder\nLuxembourgish: oder\nYiddish: אָדער (oder)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "eða",
            "3": "eðr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: eða, eðr",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: eða, eðr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "eða",
            "3": "eður"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: eða, eður",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: eða, eður"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-oda",
            "2": "æthæ",
            "3": "eth"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Danish: æthæ, eth",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Danish: æthæ, eth"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-ogt",
            "2": "eþa"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Gutnish: eþa",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Gutnish: eþa"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌰𐌹𐌸𐌸𐌰𐌿"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌹𐌸𐌸𐌰𐌿 (aiþþau)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌹𐌸𐌸𐌰𐌿 (aiþþau)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*ehþau"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *ehþau",
      "name": "m+"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Ultimately thought to be a Germanic suffixed dual form of the base of if. See also Proto-Germanic *ehþau for an alternative reconstruction.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/efþau",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "or"
      ],
      "id": "efþau-gem-pro-conj-cXVRejcL",
      "links": [
        [
          "or",
          "or"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈeɸ.θɑu̯/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "efþau"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "oþþe"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: oþþe, eþþa, ofþe, oððe, oþþon; oþþa\nMiddle English: oththe, other, or\nEnglish: or\nScots: or",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: oþþe, eþþa, ofþe, oððe, oþþon; oþþa\nMiddle English: oththe, other, or\nEnglish: or\nScots: or"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "ieftha",
            "3": "ioftha",
            "4": "ofte",
            "5": "jova",
            "6": "jof",
            "7": "jef",
            "8": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: ieftha, ioftha, ofte, jova, jof, jef, of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: ieftha, ioftha, ofte, jova, jof, jef, of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "af",
            "3": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: af, of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: af, of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "eftha"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: eftha, eftho, efdo, ettho\nMiddle Low German: efte, afte, ufte, uft, uf\nGerman Low German: of (Westmünsterlandisch)\nSauerland Low German: of, o'\nMiddle Low German: edder, odder",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: eftha, eftho, efdo, ettho\nMiddle Low German: efte, afte, ufte, uft, uf\nGerman Low German: of (Westmünsterlandisch)\nSauerland Low German: of, o'\nMiddle Low German: edder, odder"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*oftho",
            "3": "*ofto"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *oftho, *ofto",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *oftho, *ofto"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "ofte",
            "3": "ochte"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: ofte, ochte",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: ofte, ochte"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "ofte",
            "3": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: ofte, of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: ofte, of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "odo"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: odo",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: odo"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "od",
            "3": "ode"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: od, ode",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: od, ode"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "abur",
            "3": "",
            "4": "but"
          },
          "expansion": "abur (“but”)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "wedar",
            "3": "",
            "4": "which"
          },
          "expansion": "wedar (“which”)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "odar",
            "der": "1",
            "qq": "in analogy with abur (“but”), wedar (“which”)"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Old High German: odar, odor (in analogy with abur (“but”), wedar (“which”))\nMiddle High German: oder\nCimbrian: òdar, odar\nGerman: oder\nLuxembourgish: oder\nYiddish: אָדער (oder)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Old High German: odar, odor (in analogy with abur (“but”), wedar (“which”))\nMiddle High German: oder\nCimbrian: òdar, odar\nGerman: oder\nLuxembourgish: oder\nYiddish: אָדער (oder)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "eða",
            "3": "eðr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: eða, eðr",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: eða, eðr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "eða",
            "3": "eður"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: eða, eður",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: eða, eður"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-oda",
            "2": "æthæ",
            "3": "eth"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Danish: æthæ, eth",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Danish: æthæ, eth"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-ogt",
            "2": "eþa"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Gutnish: eþa",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Gutnish: eþa"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌰𐌹𐌸𐌸𐌰𐌿"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌹𐌸𐌸𐌰𐌿 (aiþþau)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌹𐌸𐌸𐌰𐌿 (aiþþau)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*ehþau"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *ehþau",
      "name": "m+"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Ultimately thought to be a Germanic suffixed dual form of the base of if. See also Proto-Germanic *ehþau for an alternative reconstruction.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/efþau",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic conjunctions",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "or"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "or",
          "or"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈeɸ.θɑu̯/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "efþau"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.