"þan" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See þan in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adverb

IPA: /θɑn/
Etymology: Unclear. Probably from demonstrative *sa + an unclear suffix, possibly an earlier *-no or *-ne. But it could also continue Proto-Indo-European *tóm, whence also Latin tum. Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro||*tóm}} Proto-Indo-European *tóm, {{cog|la|tum}} Latin tum
  1. then, at that time Tags: reconstruction Derived forms: nuhþan
    Sense id: en-þan-gem-pro-adv-anyWlMTD Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header

Download JSON data for þan meaning in Proto-Germanic (3.1kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*þan"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *þan\nOld Frisian: than\nSaterland Frisian: dan, do\nWest Frisian: dan\nOld Saxon: than\nMiddle Low German: dan\nOld Dutch: than\nMiddle Dutch: dan\nDutch: dan (“then, than”)\nOld High German: dan\nMiddle High German: dan\nCimbrian: dan\nGerman: dann (“then”), denn (“than, for”)\nHunsrik: dann\nLuxembourgish: dann",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *þan\nOld Frisian: than\nSaterland Frisian: dan, do\nWest Frisian: dan\nOld Saxon: than\nMiddle Low German: dan\nOld Dutch: than\nMiddle Dutch: dan\nDutch: dan (“then, than”)\nOld High German: dan\nMiddle High German: dan\nCimbrian: dan\nGerman: dann (“then”), denn (“than, for”)\nHunsrik: dann\nLuxembourgish: dann"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-pro",
            "2": "*ᚦᚨᚾ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Norse: *ᚦᚨᚾ (*þan)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Norse: *ᚦᚨᚾ (*þan)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "þá",
            "t": "then"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: þá (“then”)\nIcelandic: þá\nFaroese: tá\nNorwegian Nynorsk: då\nOld Swedish: þā\nSwedish: då, tå (obsolete)\nDanish: da\nNorwegian Bokmål: da\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: da",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: þá (“then”)\nIcelandic: þá\nFaroese: tá\nNorwegian Nynorsk: då\nOld Swedish: þā\nSwedish: då, tå (obsolete)\nDanish: da\nNorwegian Bokmål: da\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: da"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "an",
            "t": "than"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: an (“than”)\n⇒ Old Norse: en\nIcelandic: en\nNorwegian Nynorsk: enn\nNorwegian Bokmål: enn\nOld Swedish: æn\nSwedish: än\nDanish: end",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: an (“than”)\n⇒ Old Norse: en\nIcelandic: en\nNorwegian Nynorsk: enn\nNorwegian Bokmål: enn\nOld Swedish: æn\nSwedish: än\nDanish: end"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌸𐌰𐌽",
            "t": "then"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌸𐌰𐌽 (þan, “then”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌸𐌰𐌽 (þan, “then”)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*tóm"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *tóm",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "tum"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin tum",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Unclear. Probably from demonstrative *sa + an unclear suffix, possibly an earlier *-no or *-ne. But it could also continue Proto-Indo-European *tóm, whence also Latin tum.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/þan",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "nuhþan"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "then, at that time"
      ],
      "id": "en-þan-gem-pro-adv-anyWlMTD",
      "links": [
        [
          "then",
          "then"
        ],
        [
          "at that time",
          "at that time"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/θɑn/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "þan"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "nuhþan"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*þan"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *þan\nOld Frisian: than\nSaterland Frisian: dan, do\nWest Frisian: dan\nOld Saxon: than\nMiddle Low German: dan\nOld Dutch: than\nMiddle Dutch: dan\nDutch: dan (“then, than”)\nOld High German: dan\nMiddle High German: dan\nCimbrian: dan\nGerman: dann (“then”), denn (“than, for”)\nHunsrik: dann\nLuxembourgish: dann",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *þan\nOld Frisian: than\nSaterland Frisian: dan, do\nWest Frisian: dan\nOld Saxon: than\nMiddle Low German: dan\nOld Dutch: than\nMiddle Dutch: dan\nDutch: dan (“then, than”)\nOld High German: dan\nMiddle High German: dan\nCimbrian: dan\nGerman: dann (“then”), denn (“than, for”)\nHunsrik: dann\nLuxembourgish: dann"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-pro",
            "2": "*ᚦᚨᚾ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Norse: *ᚦᚨᚾ (*þan)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Norse: *ᚦᚨᚾ (*þan)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "þá",
            "t": "then"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: þá (“then”)\nIcelandic: þá\nFaroese: tá\nNorwegian Nynorsk: då\nOld Swedish: þā\nSwedish: då, tå (obsolete)\nDanish: da\nNorwegian Bokmål: da\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: da",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: þá (“then”)\nIcelandic: þá\nFaroese: tá\nNorwegian Nynorsk: då\nOld Swedish: þā\nSwedish: då, tå (obsolete)\nDanish: da\nNorwegian Bokmål: da\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: da"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "an",
            "t": "than"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: an (“than”)\n⇒ Old Norse: en\nIcelandic: en\nNorwegian Nynorsk: enn\nNorwegian Bokmål: enn\nOld Swedish: æn\nSwedish: än\nDanish: end",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: an (“than”)\n⇒ Old Norse: en\nIcelandic: en\nNorwegian Nynorsk: enn\nNorwegian Bokmål: enn\nOld Swedish: æn\nSwedish: än\nDanish: end"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌸𐌰𐌽",
            "t": "then"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌸𐌰𐌽 (þan, “then”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌸𐌰𐌽 (þan, “then”)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*tóm"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *tóm",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "tum"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin tum",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Unclear. Probably from demonstrative *sa + an unclear suffix, possibly an earlier *-no or *-ne. But it could also continue Proto-Indo-European *tóm, whence also Latin tum.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/þan",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic adverbs",
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "then, at that time"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "then",
          "then"
        ],
        [
          "at that time",
          "at that time"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/θɑn/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "þan"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-24 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (46b31b8 and c7ea76d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.