"-þér" meaning in Old Norse

See -þér in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

Forms: -þés [genitive]
Etymology: From Proto-Norse ᚦᛖᚹᚨᛉ (þewaʀ, “servant, retainer”), from Proto-Germanic *þewaz. Cognate with Old English þēow (“slave, servant”). Etymology templates: {{inh|non|gmq-pro|ᚦᛖᚹᚨᛉ||servant, retainer}} Proto-Norse ᚦᛖᚹᚨᛉ (þewaʀ, “servant, retainer”), {{inh|non|gem-pro|*þewaz}} Proto-Germanic *þewaz, {{cog|ang|þēow||slave, servant}} Old English þēow (“slave, servant”) Head templates: {{head|non|nouns|g=m|g2=|head=|sort=|tr=}} -þér m, {{non-noun|m|-þés}} -þér m (genitive -þés)
  1. (only in name-compounds) servant, retainer Tags: masculine Derived forms: Eggþér, Egðir, Hamðir, Hjalmþér, Hjálmþér
    Sense id: en--þér-non-noun-gKdxei52 Categories (other): Old Norse entries with incorrect language header

Download JSON data for -þér meaning in Old Norse (1.6kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gmq-pro",
        "3": "ᚦᛖᚹᚨᛉ",
        "4": "",
        "5": "servant, retainer"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Norse ᚦᛖᚹᚨᛉ (þewaʀ, “servant, retainer”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*þewaz"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *þewaz",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "þēow",
        "3": "",
        "4": "slave, servant"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English þēow (“slave, servant”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Norse ᚦᛖᚹᚨᛉ (þewaʀ, “servant, retainer”), from Proto-Germanic *þewaz. Cognate with Old English þēow (“slave, servant”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-þés",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "nouns",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "-þér m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "2": "-þés"
      },
      "expansion": "-þér m (genitive -þés)",
      "name": "non-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Norse entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "Eggþér"
        },
        {
          "word": "Egðir"
        },
        {
          "word": "Hamðir"
        },
        {
          "word": "Hjalmþér"
        },
        {
          "word": "Hjálmþér"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "servant, retainer"
      ],
      "id": "en--þér-non-noun-gKdxei52",
      "links": [
        [
          "servant",
          "servant"
        ],
        [
          "retainer",
          "retainer"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(only in name-compounds) servant, retainer"
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "in name-compounds"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-þér"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "Eggþér"
    },
    {
      "word": "Egðir"
    },
    {
      "word": "Hamðir"
    },
    {
      "word": "Hjalmþér"
    },
    {
      "word": "Hjálmþér"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gmq-pro",
        "3": "ᚦᛖᚹᚨᛉ",
        "4": "",
        "5": "servant, retainer"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Norse ᚦᛖᚹᚨᛉ (þewaʀ, “servant, retainer”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*þewaz"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *þewaz",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "þēow",
        "3": "",
        "4": "slave, servant"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English þēow (“slave, servant”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Norse ᚦᛖᚹᚨᛉ (þewaʀ, “servant, retainer”), from Proto-Germanic *þewaz. Cognate with Old English þēow (“slave, servant”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-þés",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "nouns",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "-þér m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "2": "-þés"
      },
      "expansion": "-þér m (genitive -þés)",
      "name": "non-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Norse entries with incorrect language header",
        "Old Norse lemmas",
        "Old Norse masculine nouns",
        "Old Norse nouns",
        "Old Norse terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
        "Old Norse terms derived from Proto-Norse",
        "Old Norse terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
        "Old Norse terms inherited from Proto-Norse"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "servant, retainer"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "servant",
          "servant"
        ],
        [
          "retainer",
          "retainer"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(only in name-compounds) servant, retainer"
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "in name-compounds"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-þér"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Norse dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-19 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-06-06 using wiktextract (372f256 and 664a3bc). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.