"-чыл" meaning in Kyrgyz

See -чыл in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

Forms: -cıl [romanization]
Etymology: Cognate with Kazakh -шыл (-şyl), Southern Altai -чыл (-čïl), Turkish -cıl, Azerbaijani -cil. Etymology templates: {{cog|kk|-шыл}} Kazakh -шыл (-şyl), {{cog|alt|-чыл}} Southern Altai -чыл (-čïl), {{cog|tr|-cıl}} Turkish -cıl, {{cog|az|-cil}} Azerbaijani -cil Head templates: {{head|ky|suffix}} -чыл • (-cıl)
  1. Suffix appended to nouns to derive adjectives with the meaning of inclination. Tags: morpheme Synonyms: -чил — after vowel endings е (-cil), и, э, -чул — after vowel endings о (-cul), у, -чүл — after vowel endings ө (-cül), ү
    Sense id: -чыл-ky-suffix-iUTUxzVD

Download JSON data for -чыл meaning in Kyrgyz (1.7kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kk",
        "2": "-шыл"
      },
      "expansion": "Kazakh -шыл (-şyl)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "alt",
        "2": "-чыл"
      },
      "expansion": "Southern Altai -чыл (-čïl)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "-cıl"
      },
      "expansion": "Turkish -cıl",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "az",
        "2": "-cil"
      },
      "expansion": "Azerbaijani -cil",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Cognate with Kazakh -шыл (-şyl), Southern Altai -чыл (-čïl), Turkish -cıl, Azerbaijani -cil.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-cıl",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ky",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-чыл • (-cıl)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Kyrgyz",
  "lang_code": "ky",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "азат (azat, “free, independent”) + -чыл (-cıl) → азатчыл (azatcıl, “freedom-loving”)"
        },
        {
          "text": "мекен (meken, “homeland”) + -чил (-cil) + -чыл (-cıl) → мекенчил (mekencil, “patriot”)"
        },
        {
          "text": "улут (ulut, “nation”) + -чул (-cul) + -чыл (-cıl) → улутчул (ulutcul, “nationalist”)"
        },
        {
          "text": "үй (üy, “home, house”) + -чүл (-cül) + -чыл (-cıl) → үйчүл (üycül, “domestic”)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Suffix appended to nouns to derive adjectives with the meaning of inclination."
      ],
      "id": "-чыл-ky-suffix-iUTUxzVD",
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "roman": "-cil",
          "word": "-чил — after vowel endings е"
        },
        {
          "word": "и"
        },
        {
          "word": "э"
        },
        {
          "roman": "-cul",
          "word": "-чул — after vowel endings о"
        },
        {
          "word": "у"
        },
        {
          "roman": "-cül",
          "word": "-чүл — after vowel endings ө"
        },
        {
          "word": "ү"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-чыл"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kk",
        "2": "-шыл"
      },
      "expansion": "Kazakh -шыл (-şyl)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "alt",
        "2": "-чыл"
      },
      "expansion": "Southern Altai -чыл (-čïl)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "-cıl"
      },
      "expansion": "Turkish -cıl",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "az",
        "2": "-cil"
      },
      "expansion": "Azerbaijani -cil",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Cognate with Kazakh -шыл (-şyl), Southern Altai -чыл (-čïl), Turkish -cıl, Azerbaijani -cil.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-cıl",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ky",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-чыл • (-cıl)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Kyrgyz",
  "lang_code": "ky",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Kyrgyz lemmas",
        "Kyrgyz suffixes"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "азат (azat, “free, independent”) + -чыл (-cıl) → азатчыл (azatcıl, “freedom-loving”)"
        },
        {
          "text": "мекен (meken, “homeland”) + -чил (-cil) + -чыл (-cıl) → мекенчил (mekencil, “patriot”)"
        },
        {
          "text": "улут (ulut, “nation”) + -чул (-cul) + -чыл (-cıl) → улутчул (ulutcul, “nationalist”)"
        },
        {
          "text": "үй (üy, “home, house”) + -чүл (-cül) + -чыл (-cıl) → үйчүл (üycül, “domestic”)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Suffix appended to nouns to derive adjectives with the meaning of inclination."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "roman": "-cil",
      "word": "-чил — after vowel endings е"
    },
    {
      "word": "и"
    },
    {
      "word": "э"
    },
    {
      "roman": "-cul",
      "word": "-чул — after vowel endings о"
    },
    {
      "word": "у"
    },
    {
      "roman": "-cül",
      "word": "-чүл — after vowel endings ө"
    },
    {
      "word": "ү"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-чыл"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Kyrgyz dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.