"потурнак" meaning in Bulgarian

See потурнак in All languages combined

Noun

IPA: [poturˈnak]
Etymology: Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish پوتور (potur, “culottes; new convert to Islam”), a kind of pants supposed to be worn in particular by Turkicized people, so it has been reinterpreted as поту́рча се (potúrča se, “to convert into a Türk”) + -нак (-nak). Etymology templates: {{glossary|loanword|Borrowed}} Borrowed, {{bor|bg|ota|پوتور||culottes; new convert to Islam|g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=potur|ts=}} Ottoman Turkish پوتور (potur, “culottes; new convert to Islam”), {{bor+|bg|ota|پوتور|t=culottes; new convert to Islam|tr=potur}} Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish پوتور (potur, “culottes; new convert to Islam”), {{dercat|bg|hy}}, {{affix|bg|поту́рча се|-нак|t1=to convert into a Türk}} поту́рча се (potúrča se, “to convert into a Türk”) + -нак (-nak) Head templates: {{bg-noun|потурна́к|m}} потурна́к (poturnák) m Inflection templates: {{bg-ndecl|потурна́к<(v)>}} Forms: потурна́к [canonical, masculine], poturnák [romanization], [table-tags], потурна́к [indefinite, singular], потурна́ци [indefinite, plural], потурна́кът [definite, singular, subjective], потурна́ците [definite, plural, subjective], потурна́ка [definite, objective, singular], потурна́ците [definite, objective, plural], - [count-form, singular], потурна́ка [count-form, plural], потурна́ко [singular, vocative], потурна́ци [plural, vocative]
  1. (religious slur) Bulgarian who has converted to Islam and has decided to self-identify as a Türk Tags: slur
    Sense id: потурнак-bg-noun-nnCRtfq6 Categories (other): Bulgarian religious slurs Related terms: пома́к (pomák) (english: Bulgarian muslim)

Download JSON data for потурнак meaning in Bulgarian (4.4kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "loanword",
        "2": "Borrowed"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "ota",
        "3": "پوتور",
        "4": "",
        "5": "culottes; new convert to Islam",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "potur",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Ottoman Turkish پوتور (potur, “culottes; new convert to Islam”)",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "ota",
        "3": "پوتور",
        "t": "culottes; new convert to Islam",
        "tr": "potur"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish پوتور (potur, “culottes; new convert to Islam”)",
      "name": "bor+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "hy"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "dercat"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "поту́рча се",
        "3": "-нак",
        "t1": "to convert into a Türk"
      },
      "expansion": "поту́рча се (potúrča se, “to convert into a Türk”) + -нак (-nak)",
      "name": "affix"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish پوتور (potur, “culottes; new convert to Islam”), a kind of pants supposed to be worn in particular by Turkicized people, so it has been reinterpreted as поту́рча се (potúrča se, “to convert into a Türk”) + -нак (-nak).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "потурна́к",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "poturnák",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "потурна́к",
      "roman": "poturnák",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "потурна́ци",
      "roman": "poturnáci",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "потурна́кът",
      "roman": "poturnákǎt",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "singular",
        "subjective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "потурна́ците",
      "roman": "poturnácite",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "plural",
        "subjective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "потурна́ка",
      "roman": "poturnáka",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "objective",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "потурна́ците",
      "roman": "poturnácite",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "objective",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "count-form",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "потурна́ка",
      "roman": "poturnáka",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "count-form",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "потурна́ко",
      "roman": "poturnáko",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "потурна́ци",
      "roman": "poturnáci",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "потурна́к",
        "2": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "потурна́к (poturnák) m",
      "name": "bg-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "потурна́к<(v)>"
      },
      "name": "bg-ndecl"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Bulgarian",
  "lang_code": "bg",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Bulgarian religious slurs",
          "parents": [
            "Religious slurs",
            "Offensive terms",
            "Terms by usage"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Bulgarian who has converted to Islam and has decided to self-identify as a Türk"
      ],
      "id": "потурнак-bg-noun-nnCRtfq6",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(religious slur) Bulgarian who has converted to Islam and has decided to self-identify as a Türk"
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "english": "Bulgarian muslim",
          "roman": "pomák",
          "word": "пома́к"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "slur"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[poturˈnak]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "потурнак"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "loanword",
        "2": "Borrowed"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "ota",
        "3": "پوتور",
        "4": "",
        "5": "culottes; new convert to Islam",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "potur",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Ottoman Turkish پوتور (potur, “culottes; new convert to Islam”)",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "ota",
        "3": "پوتور",
        "t": "culottes; new convert to Islam",
        "tr": "potur"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish پوتور (potur, “culottes; new convert to Islam”)",
      "name": "bor+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "hy"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "dercat"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "поту́рча се",
        "3": "-нак",
        "t1": "to convert into a Türk"
      },
      "expansion": "поту́рча се (potúrča se, “to convert into a Türk”) + -нак (-nak)",
      "name": "affix"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish پوتور (potur, “culottes; new convert to Islam”), a kind of pants supposed to be worn in particular by Turkicized people, so it has been reinterpreted as поту́рча се (potúrča se, “to convert into a Türk”) + -нак (-nak).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "потурна́к",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "poturnák",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "потурна́к",
      "roman": "poturnák",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "потурна́ци",
      "roman": "poturnáci",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "потурна́кът",
      "roman": "poturnákǎt",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "singular",
        "subjective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "потурна́ците",
      "roman": "poturnácite",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "plural",
        "subjective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "потурна́ка",
      "roman": "poturnáka",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "objective",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "потурна́ците",
      "roman": "poturnácite",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "objective",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "count-form",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "потурна́ка",
      "roman": "poturnáka",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "count-form",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "потурна́ко",
      "roman": "poturnáko",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "потурна́ци",
      "roman": "poturnáci",
      "source": "Declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "потурна́к",
        "2": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "потурна́к (poturnák) m",
      "name": "bg-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "потурна́к<(v)>"
      },
      "name": "bg-ndecl"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Bulgarian",
  "lang_code": "bg",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "english": "Bulgarian muslim",
      "roman": "pomák",
      "word": "пома́к"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Bulgarian lemmas",
        "Bulgarian masculine nouns",
        "Bulgarian nouns",
        "Bulgarian religious slurs",
        "Bulgarian terms borrowed from Ottoman Turkish",
        "Bulgarian terms derived from Armenian",
        "Bulgarian terms derived from Ottoman Turkish",
        "Bulgarian terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Bulgarian words suffixed with -нак"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Bulgarian who has converted to Islam and has decided to self-identify as a Türk"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(religious slur) Bulgarian who has converted to Islam and has decided to self-identify as a Türk"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "slur"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[poturˈnak]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "потурнак"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Bulgarian dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2022-06-29 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2022-06-20 using wiktextract.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.

The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.