"rēšum" meaning in Akkadian

See rēšum in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈreː.ʃum/ (note: Old Babylonian) Forms: rēšū [plural]
Etymology: From Proto-Semitic *raʔš- (“head”). Cognate with Arabic رَأْس (raʔs) and Biblical Hebrew רֹאשׁ (roʔš). Etymology templates: {{inh|akk|sem-pro|*raʔš-|t=head}} Proto-Semitic *raʔš- (“head”), {{cog|ar|رَأْس}} Arabic رَأْس (raʔs), {{cog|hbo|רֹאשׁ|tr=roʔš}} Biblical Hebrew רֹאשׁ (roʔš) Head templates: {{akk-noun|m|pl=rēšū}} rēšum m (plural rēšū)
  1. head Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-rēšum-akk-noun-ny5tM6Nx
  2. servant, slave Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-rēšum-akk-noun-kE9ZIFAe
  3. top, summit Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-rēšum-akk-noun-j0kVxZpR
  4. beginning Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-rēšum-akk-noun-QJU5HH4- Categories (other): Akkadian terms with collocations
  5. first installment, original amount, capital assets Tags: masculine Categories (topical): Body parts
    Sense id: en-rēšum-akk-noun-08ILnqBl Disambiguation of Body parts: 3 17 7 12 46 3 12 Categories (other): Akkadian entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Akkadian entries with incorrect language header: 13 4 5 21 44 1 12
  6. first rank Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-rēšum-akk-noun-GK3ZuiZh
  7. first quality Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-rēšum-akk-noun-d63~KQmv
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: rēšu (english: non-mimated form), rāšum [rare], rāšu (english: non-mimated form; rarely) Derived forms: rēštum (english: beginning)

Download JSON data for rēšum meaning in Akkadian (3.0kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "english": "beginning",
      "word": "rēštum"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "akk",
        "2": "sem-pro",
        "3": "*raʔš-",
        "t": "head"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Semitic *raʔš- (“head”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ar",
        "2": "رَأْس"
      },
      "expansion": "Arabic رَأْس (raʔs)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hbo",
        "2": "רֹאשׁ",
        "tr": "roʔš"
      },
      "expansion": "Biblical Hebrew רֹאשׁ (roʔš)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Semitic *raʔš- (“head”). Cognate with Arabic رَأْس (raʔs) and Biblical Hebrew רֹאשׁ (roʔš).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "rēšū",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "pl": "rēšū"
      },
      "expansion": "rēšum m (plural rēšū)",
      "name": "akk-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Akkadian",
  "lang_code": "akk",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "head"
      ],
      "id": "en-rēšum-akk-noun-ny5tM6Nx",
      "links": [
        [
          "head",
          "head"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "servant, slave"
      ],
      "id": "en-rēšum-akk-noun-kE9ZIFAe",
      "links": [
        [
          "servant",
          "servant"
        ],
        [
          "slave",
          "slave"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "top, summit"
      ],
      "id": "en-rēšum-akk-noun-j0kVxZpR",
      "links": [
        [
          "top",
          "top"
        ],
        [
          "summit",
          "summit"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Akkadian terms with collocations",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with collocations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "the beginning of the year",
          "roman": "re-eš ša-at-tim",
          "text": "𒊑𒌍 𒊭𒀜𒁴 [rēš šattim]",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "beginning"
      ],
      "id": "en-rēšum-akk-noun-QJU5HH4-",
      "links": [
        [
          "beginning",
          "beginning"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "13 4 5 21 44 1 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Akkadian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "3 17 7 12 46 3 12",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "akk",
          "name": "Body parts",
          "orig": "akk:Body parts",
          "parents": [
            "Body",
            "Anatomy",
            "Human",
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "All topics",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "first installment, original amount, capital assets"
      ],
      "id": "en-rēšum-akk-noun-08ILnqBl",
      "links": [
        [
          "first",
          "first"
        ],
        [
          "installment",
          "installment"
        ],
        [
          "original",
          "original"
        ],
        [
          "amount",
          "amount"
        ],
        [
          "capital",
          "capital"
        ],
        [
          "assets",
          "assets"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "first rank"
      ],
      "id": "en-rēšum-akk-noun-GK3ZuiZh",
      "links": [
        [
          "first",
          "first"
        ],
        [
          "rank",
          "rank"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "first quality"
      ],
      "id": "en-rēšum-akk-noun-d63~KQmv",
      "links": [
        [
          "first",
          "first"
        ],
        [
          "quality",
          "quality"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈreː.ʃum/",
      "note": "Old Babylonian"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "english": "non-mimated form",
      "word": "rēšu"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "rare"
      ],
      "word": "rāšum"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "english": "non-mimated form; rarely",
      "word": "rāšu"
    }
  ],
  "word": "rēšum"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Akkadian entries with incorrect language header",
    "Akkadian lemmas",
    "Akkadian masculine nouns",
    "Akkadian nouns",
    "Akkadian terms derived from Proto-Semitic",
    "Akkadian terms inherited from Proto-Semitic",
    "Akkadian terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Akkadian terms with redundant head parameter",
    "akk:Body parts"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "english": "beginning",
      "word": "rēštum"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "akk",
        "2": "sem-pro",
        "3": "*raʔš-",
        "t": "head"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Semitic *raʔš- (“head”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ar",
        "2": "رَأْس"
      },
      "expansion": "Arabic رَأْس (raʔs)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hbo",
        "2": "רֹאשׁ",
        "tr": "roʔš"
      },
      "expansion": "Biblical Hebrew רֹאשׁ (roʔš)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Semitic *raʔš- (“head”). Cognate with Arabic رَأْس (raʔs) and Biblical Hebrew רֹאשׁ (roʔš).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "rēšū",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "pl": "rēšū"
      },
      "expansion": "rēšum m (plural rēšū)",
      "name": "akk-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Akkadian",
  "lang_code": "akk",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "head"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "head",
          "head"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "servant, slave"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "servant",
          "servant"
        ],
        [
          "slave",
          "slave"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "top, summit"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "top",
          "top"
        ],
        [
          "summit",
          "summit"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Akkadian terms with collocations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "the beginning of the year",
          "roman": "re-eš ša-at-tim",
          "text": "𒊑𒌍 𒊭𒀜𒁴 [rēš šattim]",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "beginning"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "beginning",
          "beginning"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "first installment, original amount, capital assets"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "first",
          "first"
        ],
        [
          "installment",
          "installment"
        ],
        [
          "original",
          "original"
        ],
        [
          "amount",
          "amount"
        ],
        [
          "capital",
          "capital"
        ],
        [
          "assets",
          "assets"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "first rank"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "first",
          "first"
        ],
        [
          "rank",
          "rank"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "first quality"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "first",
          "first"
        ],
        [
          "quality",
          "quality"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈreː.ʃum/",
      "note": "Old Babylonian"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "english": "non-mimated form",
      "word": "rēšu"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "rare"
      ],
      "word": "rāšum"
    },
    {
      "english": "non-mimated form; rarely",
      "word": "rāšu"
    }
  ],
  "word": "rēšum"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Akkadian dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-18 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (1d5a7d1 and 304864d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.